Instructions for Authors

Editorial contributions to the New Zealand Journal of Forestry should be sent to The Editor.

The editor welcomes material for all sections of the journal, and especially articles, critical reviews and shorter technical notes.


  1. No article should be submitted which is being offered to any other journal for prior or simultaneous publication. Articles should deal with subjects of relevance to forestry in New Zealand and the South Pacific.
  2. Electronic submission is preferred over hardcopy submission. If a hardcopy is submitted then please send two copies. Manuscripts must be typed single-spaced on one side only of A4 paper, leaving a 2.5 cm margin at the left, top and bottom.
  3. Titles of papers should be brief and if possible should start with a word useful for indexing. The Editor reserves the right to alter titles. Only the author's name should follow under the title: a footnote should be provided giving name (including first name), rank, position and address.
  4. The use of headings, capitals, lower case and italics should be used as in recent journals. If your typewriter does not have italic type, words or letters to be set in italics should be underlined (e.g. Latin names, foreign words).
  5. All articles (but not material submitted for other sections) should have a short abstract following the authors' names.
  6. Where possible, avoid new abbreviations and the excessive use of footnotes. Where abbreviations are used they should be explained at their first occurrence.
  7. Use metric units of the Systems International.
  8. Tabular matter should be kept to a minimum. All tables should be typed on separate sheets and numbered consecutively. Tables should be as simple as possible with clear explanatory headings.
  9. Text figures should be numbered consecutively regardless of whether they are photographs or line drawings. Line drawings should be in black ink on white paper or draughting film and the lines, figures and letters must be of a size and thickness to be clearly legible when reduced. The author's name and the figure number should be noted in pencil on the back of the figure. With photographs, unmounted black and white glossy prints showing good detail are required.
  10. The titles and legends for tables and figures should be typed on separate sheets. They should contain sufficient detail that readers do not have to read the text to understand the table or figure.
  11. References should be listed at the end of the paper, in alphabetical order of authors' names following the practices used in this issue. In the text all references should be cited by authors' names and year [e.g. Jones and Smith (1985) or Jones 1975)]. With three or more authors, use the first author's name followed by et al.
  12. The paper may be sent to suitable people for comment before being published. If already referred, the names of the referees and their comments should be provided. The final manuscript must be correct when finally submitted: normally page proofs will not be returned to authors for checking. This is to reduce publication delays. However, if the editor needs to make substantial changes after the final version is submitted, authors will be advised.
  13. Length of papers: Normally papers should not exceed four printed pages including tables, diagrams, photographs and references. A full page of text is about 1100 words. Feature articles may be longer.
  14. Three copies of the journal will be supplied free to the authors of articles (but not reviews, letters, comments etc.). Additional offprints may be purchased if ordered at the time the manuscript is finally accepted.

Advice to Contributors

Papers should be written with precision, clarity and economy and should be interesting to read. Use the active voice and first person wherever appropriate. Humour may sometimes be useful and acceptable. Write with your potential reader in mind and try to imagine yourself in his position. Before you write your paper you should have clearly defined the main objectives of the work and the conclusions you wish to communicate.

The title is very important and will determine to a large extent whether readers will decide to read further. It also influences how your article will be indexed and abstracted. The abstract which follows should state clearly the purpose, methods used, results obtained and conclusions.

It is not necessary to keep to the strict traditional layout of introduction, methods, results and discussion, although this may sometimes be the best approach. This type of layout may help in presenting experimental results but often leads to a sterile paper which is seldom read in depth by a large readership. However, the way a paper is introduced is important in that it needs to capture the interest of the reader and put the paper into context. Similarly, try to make your conclusions clear and, if possible, thought-provoking.

Authors are encouraged to suggest or include illustrations, photographic or drawn, as this adds interest and clarity. Most papers should aim to have 2-4 such illustrations, but again this will depend on the topic. Feel free to send additional illustrations to be considered for the front cover.